Iceland is a large island in the North Atlantic close to the Arctic Circle and includes islands to the north and south. The landscape is wild, rugged and colorful, with black lava, red sulfur, hot blue geysers, gray and white rivers with waterfalls and green valleys, its coastline richly indented with bays and fjords. Five-sixths of Iceland is uninhabited, the population being concentrated on the coast, in the valleys and in the plains of the southwest and southeast of the country. More than half the population, live in or around Reykjavík, the capital.
Language: The official language is Icelandic. English and Danish are widely spoken.
Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plug fittings are normally two-pin with round section pins 4mm in diameter with centers 2cm apart.
Climate: Iceland’s climate is tempered by the Gulf Stream. Summers are mild and winters rather cold. The colorful Northern Lights appear from the end of August. From the end of May to the beginning of August, there are nearly 24 hours of perpetual daylight in Reykjavík, while in the northern part of the country the sun barely sets at all. Snow is not as common as the name of the country would seem to suggest and, in any case, does not lie for long in Reykjavík; it is only in northern Iceland that skiing conditions are reasonably certain. However, the weather is very changeable at all times of the year, and in Reykjavík there may be rain, sunshine, drizzle and snow in the same day. The air is clean and free of pollution.
Credit & Debit Cards: American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa are widely accepted.